Ajay Narendra and Sunil Kumar have written a spectacular primer to the life of ants in "On A Trail With Ants: A Handbook of the Ants of Peninsular India."
Lavishly produced, and a steal at Rs 600, the book sets a trend in ant studies. Great photographs of wild ants (ever tried taming one?) make it possible for you to observe and identify ants at home and elsewhere, and as we all know, they really are everywhere.
The book is available directly from the authors, though we do list it in our Natural History section. There is also another detailed blog on the book and on ants in general, at http://antlinks.blogspot.com